Since ancient times screen printing has been a much relished method of printing, and is being used worldwide till date. The screen printing is a technique of painting where designs are made on a stretched out screen by passing colored ink through a stencil or opaque frame cut into a pattern that is to be printed. Screen printing is used in various surfaces like paper, metal, textiles. This type of printings require few basic elements- the base or screen on which printing is to be done, stencil or a frame with a desired pattern to be printed, and ink. The ink forms the most important part of screen printing without which it wouldn’t have its existence defined.
Screen printing is widely used in textile industries. The ink is poured onto the cloth via stencils to create different and lovely patterns and designs which are later stitched into garments and supplied worldwide. The clothes having screen printings on it (is it lowers or tops) have high demand among the public as compared to the plain textured clothes. There are two primary types of inks that are used in textile screen printing – Water-based inks and Plastisol.
The water based ink contains the color pigments dissolved in water. This ink is used to print raw cloth out of which the garments are cut out. The plastisol, on the other hand, is a solid based pigment. It is not soluble in water. Plastisol is generally used in finished goods like printed t-shirts, napkins, dresses etc. There is a wide use of plastisol in today’s textile industries as it easy to handle and draw out the desired pattern. It can be left bare on the base screen for a long period of time without any damage. It increases the production speed of the textile industries and thus has been acting as a boon to the Screen printing sector.
As this is the era of advancement in almost every sector of the world, there has been an up gradation in the field of Screen printing as well. The evolution of plastisol has given a big thrust to the printing screen segment of textile industries. The introduction of Special effect plastisol ink has taken the printing business to new level. This product has changed the look and feel of the printing screen art. As the name suggest, it is a special form of plastisol. It comes with lot of features that were not guessed until it arrived in the field of printing. It consists of a lot of varietiesof ink- reflective ink, sparkle ink, glittery ink and lot more. These new colors add new attractive textures to the clothes produced thereby increasing its demand in the market which again leads the textile industries to flourish.